Uma kuziwa kushokoledi, konke kumayelana nesikhathi!

Ingabe ushokoledi ukwenza ukhuluphale?Kubonakala sengathi akukho ukungabaza ngakho.Njengophawu loshukela ophezulu, amafutha, nama-calories, ushokoledi uwodwa uzwakala njengokwanele ukwenza i-dieter ibaleke.Kodwa manje abacwaningi baseYunivesithi yaseHarvard bathole ukuthi ukudla ushokoledi ngesikhathi esifanele nsuku zonke kungasiza ekushiseni amafutha nokwehlisa ushukela wegazi, kunokuba kubangele ukukhuluphala.

Ucwaningo lwangaphambilini zithole ubudlelwano obuncike kumthamo phakathi kwemikhuba yokudla ushokoledi kanye nokuzuza kwesisindo isikhathi eside, ikakhulukazi kwabesifazane abangemva kokuya esikhathini, okungenzeka ukuthi bakhuluphale.Ngaphezu kwalokho, ukudla okunamandla nokudla okunoshukela omningi njengoshokoledi ngezikhathi "ezingafanele" kungase kuthinte isimiso somzimba we-circadian kanye nomsebenzi we-metabolic, okuholela engozini enkulu yokukhuluphala.

Ukuthola imiphumela yokusetshenziswa kukashokoledi ngezikhathi ezihlukene, abacwaningi benza uhlolo lwe-crossover olulawulwa ngokungahleliwe nabesifazane abangu-19 abangemva kokuya esikhathini.Esimeni sokudla mahhala, amaqembu ekuseni (MC) nakusihlwa (EC) adle ushokoledi wobisi u-100g (cishe ama-calories angu-542, noma u-33% womthamo wansuku zonke wamandla) ngaphakathi kwehora elilodwa lokuvuka ekuseni noma ihora elilodwa. ngaphambi kokulala ebusuku;Elinye iqembu alizange liwudle ushokoledi.

Ngemva kwamasonto amabili, abesifazane emaqenjini ekuseni nakusihlwa abazange bazuze isisindo esibalulekile, nakuba ushokoledi wawungeze ama-calories.Nokhalo lwabesifazane lwalushwabana uma bedla ushokoledi ekuseni.

Lokhu kwakungenxa yokuthi ukudla ushokoledi kunciphisa indlala kanye nezifiso zamazinyo amnandi (P<.005) kanye nokuncishiswa kokusetshenziswa kwamandla mahhala okungu-~ 300 kcal/ngosuku ngesikhathi se-MC kanye ~ 150 kcal/ngosuku ngesikhathi se-EC (P =. 01), kodwa akuzange kunxephezele ngokugcwele umnikelo wamandla owengeziwe kashokoledi (542 kcal/ngosuku).

Ukuhlaziywa kwengxenye eyinhloko kubonise ukuthi ukusetshenziswa kukashokoledi ngezikhathi ezimbili kubangele ukusatshalaliswa kwe-microbiome ehlukene kanye nomsebenzi (P<.05).Amamephu okushisa okushisa esihlakaleni namarekhodi okulala abonise ukuthi iziqephu zokulala ze-ec-induced zazivamile kune-MCS futhi zinokuhlukahluka okuphansi kwezinsuku zesiqephu sokulala (imizuzu engu-60 vs. 78 imizuzu; P =. 028).

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Okungukuthi, ukudla ushokoledi ekuseni noma ebusuku kungaba nemiphumela ehlukene endlala, isifiso sokudla, i-substrate oxidation, ukuzila ushukela wegazi, ukwakheka kwe-microbiome kanye nomsebenzi, ukulala nezigqi zokushisa.Ngaphezu kwalokho, ushokoledi uqukethe i-fiber yokudla, engavimbela futhi ikhulule ukuqunjelwa, ikhuthaze umzimba ukuthi ukhiphe ama-metabolites amadala, ivimbele imibimbi namabala, futhi idale indawo enhle yobuhle besikhumba.

Ngakho-ke, ukudla ushokoledi ngesikhathi esifanele, ngeke nje kukhuluphale, kodwa kungase kube mncane.Kodwa "ubuningi buholela kukhwalithi," futhi uma udla ushokoledi omningi, imiphumela ingase ingafani.


Isikhathi sokuthumela: 26-08-21